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Heart disease risk assessment,Heart Disease, heart disease symptom, coronary heart disease
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This interactive tool estimates your risk of coronary heart disease and provides personalized tips for prevention. Anyone can use it, but it’s most accurate for people who have never had any type of heart disease. If you have heart disease, be sure to talk to your doctor about your risk. Take a few minutes to answer some questions and find out your risk. It doesn’t tell you if you'll get heart disease or not, but it does tell you where to focus your prevention efforts. Because the best way to fight heart disease is to stop it before it starts.

Questionnaire : To  estimate  your  risk of Heart  Disease, take about 2 to 3  minutes  to answer some questions about your health, lifestyle and personal background. Please fill in these questions to access your risk of Heart Disease.

1. What is your sex?  
2. What is Your Age?    
Years
3. Have you ever had a heart attack or been told that you have heart disease?  
4. What is your height?
Feets  Inches
5. What is your weight (in pounds)?    
6. Have you ever been told that you have high blood pressure (hypertension) or have you ever been given blood pressure medication?  
7. Have you ever been told that you have diabetes or a problem with high blood sugar?  
8. Have you ever been told that your total cholesterol level is high?  
9. What is your total cholesterol level?  
10. What is your HDL cholesterol?  
11. Do you usually eat fish two or more times per week?  
12. Do you eat 5 or more servings of fruit and vegetables per day? A serving is one medium apple, banana or orange, 1 cup of raw leafy vegetable (like spinach or lettuce), ½ cup of cooked beans or peas, ½ cup of chopped, cooked or canned fruit/vegetable or ¾ cup of fruit/vegetable juice.  
13. Do you eat 3 or more servings of whole grains per day (wheat bread, whole grain pasta, brown rice, oatmeal, whole grain breakfast cereal, bran or popcorn)? A serving is one slice of bread, 1 ounce of breakfast cereal or ½ cup of cooked cereal, pasta or rice.  
14. Do you usually eat 3 servings of nuts per week? A serving is 1 ounce, which is about one airline packet of nuts or one tablespoon of peanut butter.  
15. Do you usually eat butter, lard, red meat, cheese or whole milk 2 or more times per day?  
16. Do you eat stick margarine, vegetable shortening, store-bought baked goods (cookies, cakes, pies) or deep-fried fast foods on most days?  
17. Do you eat oil-based salad dressing or use liquid vegetable oil for cooking on most days?  
18. How many servings of alcohol do you have on a typical day? One serving is a can of beer, a glass of wine or a shot of hard liquor.  
19. Do you take a multivitamin or a B complex supplement on most days?  
20. Do you take vitamin E supplements on most days?  
21. Do you smoke cigarettes?
 No, I never smoked cigarettes
 I used to smoke cigarettes, but I quit
 Yes
                       

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Fact Analysis

What is coronary heart disease? Coronary Heart Disease is a condition which affects the vessels which supply the heart's muscle with blood, oxygen and nutrients. If these blood vessels (coronary arteries) become partially blocked, a person can have decreased heart function and may experience pain in the chest, arm, neck or jaw (angina). If the vessels become completely blocked, some of the heart muscle can die, which is called a heart attack (myocardial infarction). Blood vessels can become narrowed from fat and cholesterol build-up inside the artery walls, which is a disease known as atherosclerosis. The disease process can start when conditions, like high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, high cholesterol and smoking, cause damage to artery walls. The body tries to repair the damage, but in the process, fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances can be deposited in artery walls. Over time this build-up (plaque) can narrow the artery walls and can also develop a hard fibrous cap. If this fibrous cap ruptures, a blood clot can form and completely block the blood vessel, leading to a heart attack. In some cases, a vessel can also be blocked by a spasm in the artery. Spasms can occur and lead to heart attacks in vessels with or without atherosclerosis.

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How common is coronary heart disease? Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States and kills over 400,000 men and women each year. One out of every five deaths is due to CHD. One-third of people who have a heart attack do not survive it. In addition, over 12 million Americans are currently living with coronary heart disease pain and/or heart problems.

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Who is at risk? Both men and women are at risk of developing CHD, however it is not usually seen in men younger than 40 or in women of reproductive age. There are many different factors that affect the risk of CHD. Some of these risk factors cannot be altered, like family history, advanced age and sex, but there are many others that can be changed or controlled, like smoking, exercise, body weight, cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar. There are many lifestyle factors and medications that can help reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and heart attack.

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How can you prevent it? There are many things that you can do to reduce your risk of heart disease, like:

  • not smoking
  • avoiding second-hand smoke (also called environmental tobacco smoke)
  • eating well
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • exercising regularly
  • avoiding high blood pressure
  • treating diabetes but still have elevated risk
  • controlling your cholesterol levels

If you already have heart disease or risk factors for it, it is important to see your doctor regularly to address lifestyle issues and medications that can help treat your condition.

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Who should be screened? For people without symptoms, there is no good screening test for CHD. If you have symptoms or risk factors, your doctor may want to do an electrocardiogram (EKG) to look at the electrical activity of your heart, or some other test to examine your heart function. People of all ages should be screened periodically for risk factors of CHD: diabetes, high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels and overweight/obesity.

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What are the symptoms? The most common symptom of CHD is chest pain, but coronary heart disease can also be "silent" causing a heart attack or sudden death without any warning signs. The "classic" symptom of a heart attack is pain or pressure in the chest that can spread to the arm, shoulder, neck or jaw. This pain/pressure may also come with shortness of breath, sweating, nausea or lightheadedness. Some people experience abdominal pain, nausea, shortness of breath, palpitations or weakness without any chest pain. If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately.

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